History of Internet and web browsers
The Internet started as a backup plan in case the Soviet Union launched a missile and destroyed the telephone network. The ARPA (Advance Research Project Agency) was formed to create a network that will keep the government communicated in a case of disaster. To accomplish this, packet switching was created. This would break data in smaller pieces and send it though different routes. In 1969 the first communication between computers was made between UCLA and Stanford. The message sent “LOGIN” was short but it took down the network. During the 1970’s the Internet continued to grow, making more advances.
The internet was used for the solely purpose of sending and receiving files with protocols like FTP. In 1989 the World Wide Web was created to change the way the internet was used. With the introduction of WWW by Tim Berners-Lee he became the creator of the first web browser was created named WorldWideWeb in 1991.
In 1993 Mosaic was created and was a great step forward. Being the first one to show text and images. Mosaic became to be one of the most famous browser in the 90’s. It then was renamed Netscape. In 1996 Internet Explorer appeared to dethrone Netscape.
Methods of communication
- Social networking
What is social networking? It can be the act of going to a gathering and start conversation with the participants. Also can be a website where people can share information, photos and other ideas. There are many social media sites used today. Facebook, Twitter and Instagram are example of famous social media websites.
Email is the equivalent of receiving paper mail, in a physical mailbox, but electronically. All that is needed is the email address of the other person and an email provider. This providers can be free or have some kind of payment options. Some of the most popular services are Gmail, Yahoo and Outlook. Email allow to send text and multimedia attachment to other people. The benefit of using Email over regular mail is the speed in which the message will be received and the cost. Email is received instantly and cost nothing.
- Wikis and blogs
Wikis can bring whole communities together to work on a project. This platform can be edited in real time for everybody to see instantly. One advantage of a Wiki is the ease if use. The users do not need to learn HTML coding to create a Wiki. By just using the simple syntax the user can format and write content quickly.
One way to express yourself or keep a log about your travels you can have a Blog. A Blog is used to share almost everything. Some people would writer about their daily lives and others would use this platform to talk about their hobbies. There is not limit in what can be share in a Blog.
- Podcast and webcast
A podcast can be defined as an on-demand radio. The content of a podcast can be listened to or watched at any time. This media can be also be downloaded to any device that can support it. For example, mp3 players or a streaming app on a smartphone. For the convenience of the listeners, podcast also provides subscriptions. This subscription alerts the listeners about the new content available. This way the user does not have to visit the website to look for new content.
A webcast is any bit of information that is transmitted over the Internet. This information can be related to anything. The information does not have to be of specific nature. There are a few forms of webcasts also. One form is live (in the moment) and the other is on demand (at their convenience). A good example of webcasting is YouTube.
Ecommerce are websites used to sell and buy goods. With Ecommerce is possible for consumers to buy and sell items anywhere in the world. Anybody can create a website to sell their products or services. There are different types of e-commerce. Business-to-consumer is a transaction between a business and a consumer. Business-to-Business is between two businesses. Consumer-to-consumer is the transaction between two consumers using websites like eBay.
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